Within the framework of the technical co-operation between the European Union (9th European Development Fund – EDF) and the government of Senegal, a Mining Sector Support Programme (Programme d’Appui au Secteur Minier – PASMI, 9 ACP SE 09) amounting to €13 million has been negotiated and implemented since 2007. The PASMI programme consists of five projects:
During the past two years, nearly all of the south- east of Senegal has been covered by an airborne geophysical survey. The work has had a typical 250m line spacing and a sensor mean terrain clearance of 80-120m. Magnetic and radiometric data has recorded three radioactive elements (potassium, uranium and thorium) and the exposure rate (total counts) using calibrated hand- held 256 channel spectrometers. Some 134,000km of surveys have been flown during the past two years, and interpreted within the framework of the technical cooperation between the European Union and the government of Senegal. Data are available as whole area grids according to the Senegalese map system in 1:500,000, 1:200,000 and 1:50,000 map sheets.
Under PASMI (from April 2007 to December 2008) the government created a Mineral Documentation and Mining Cadastre Centre (CDCM). The project helped set up an archive centre for the mining industry and reinforce Senegal’s capacity to implement a mineral title management system using a new mining cadastre. Since the official inauguration on December 17, 2008, the cadastre has operated efficiently.
The project also helped implement a geographical information system for data management of the country’s mineral resources, and a survey was successfully carried out to approve basic norms of environmental management for mining operations.
The Senegal Basin is the central part of the Mauritania-Senegal-Gambia-Bissau-Conakry (MSGBC) basin which stretches from Mauritania to Guinea Bissau along the coast of West Africa. Under the EU funded PASMI, the government of Senegal is presently undergoing detailed geological mapping of this basin. This mapping project aims to produce a standard, print-on-demand geological map of this geologically complex and highly prospective Palaeozoic basin. Maps will be available in 1:500,000 for the whole basin, in 1:200,000 for the northern part and for the Cap Vert peninsula, in 1:50,000 multi-layers map sheets for the west of the meridian 16°40’W and in 1:20,000 multi- layers map sheets for the west of the meridian 17°10’W.
Midway reports indicate many significant changes and enhancements to the understanding of local and regional geology. This very ambitious geological mapping programme, from data collection to providing several final deliverable map quadrangles, will take about 24 months and is scheduled to deliver final products by end-March 2009.
This important project started in May 2008, and aims to update, through a geographical information system, the geologic and metalogenic cartography of south-eastern Senegal (last updated in 1960).This revision will take into account the numerous and important data accumulated through mineral exploration programmes and works carried out by researchers and academics since then. At the end of the project in 2010, geological and structural maps will be available in a 1:200,000 map sheet covering the whole Precambrian basement, and in 1:500,000 metalogenic map sheet for the same terrains.These maps to which will be annexed the explanatory notes will be of a certain contribution for the mining exploration of south-eastern Senegal.
This project focuses on gold artisanal miners in the Kedougou region.With government support, the project provides direct support to artisanal miners, particularly to the more vulnerable children, women and elderly.This project aims to integrate artisanal miners into the formalised mining sector, to improve techniques and livelihoods of artisanal miners. The government of Senegal is committed to address and solve social, environmental and economic problems associated with artisanal mining as well as child labour and other social illnesses.
Taking into account the lessons learned from the evaluation of mining conventions in the process of revising the mining code in progress and the strategic ambition is, while preserving the incentive, to encourage greater consideration of the interests of State, economy and population, the mining administration chose to separate the regulation of the mission control to strengthen the monitoring of mining operations and if necessary the application of penalties for infringements. Meanwhile, the administration wanted to give the autonomous means of better knowledge of mineral resources of the country by creating an office in charge of exploration and development activities.
Thus the year 2015 was marked by the creation and operationalization of two new directions that reinforce the system already in place with three (03), the number of mining administration structures.
The Directorate of Mines and Geology (DMG) mission is to contribute to the implementation of mining policy through the development and implementation of legislative and regulatory framework of the mining sector and application files of instruction of mining titles.
The creation of the Directorate of Control and Monitoring of Mining Operations was first posed milestone. This department’s mission is to ensure the control and monitoring of the implementation of research and exploitation operations and the collection of related data.
According to the new guidelines of the Ministry, and in anticipation of axes announced in the next mining code, the DPPM is responsible and committed to providing promotional areas to the potential investors. It also intends to implement a number of research projects in the wake of the Plan Senegal Emergent objectives.